One of the greatest First Nation success stories is the Fort McKay First Nation, situated in the heart of the oilsands. It has never produced a drop of oil or earned a dollar in royalties, but it has achieved a standard of living comparable to other Canadian communities by selling services to oilsands companies — janitorial care, earth-moving, trucking and workforce lodging, to name a few. Now, only about five per cent of its income comes from government transfers — the other 95 per cent stems from business ventures.
Like the rest of Alberta, Fort McKay was rocked by the drop in oil prices from a high of US$109.89 per barrel (West Texas Intermediate) in June 2014 to US$29.67 in January 2016. After years of running a healthy surplus, Fort McKay’s revenue plunged by 37 per cent in one year, and the budget went into the red. But the deficit lasted only one year. Fort McKay reduced discretionary spending, liquidated unprofitable investments, and reoriented their business strategy toward income stability. Soon they were back in the black.
Compare this to what has happened in Alberta.
Under the Progressive Conservative governments of Ed Stelmach and Alison Redford, the province ran large deficits since 2008, even though oil prices averaged about US$90 a barrel in that period. Alberta was by far the wealthiest and most prosperous province in Canada, yet the government could not live within its means. It used up the “rainy day” fund established in Ralph Klein’s administration, squandering the surplus that might have cushioned the province against the fiscal shock of 2015.
Then, instead of adjusting to the new and less-favourable environment, the Notley NDP government drove spending even higher while continuing to borrow more than $10 billion a year. Alberta’s government is now deeply in debt with no realistic plan for getting back to budget balance.
Alberta politicians of all parties, instead of sitting in Edmonton, should take a trip to Fort McKay to learn the simple-but-profound lessons of good fiscal management. Run a surplus when times are good. Don’t build up spending commitments that are unsustainable in less-prosperous times. React quickly when things do go south (as they always do, sooner or later). Cut discretionary spending to restore a balanced budget within a reasonable span of time. Above all, don’t start borrowing to fund ongoing operating expenses; it only postpones the day of reckoning and makes it more painful when it comes