Wales is the second-smallest of the Home Nations which make up the United Kingdom, with a population of only around three million and relatively low level of immigration compared to neighbouring England — which already has five FGM clinics.
Nevertheless, figures obtained by the BBC show maternity staff in Wales were discovering a new FGM case once every three days, on average, in 2016, with the Welsh Women’s Aid charity estimated that there are at least 2,000 victims in the country.
The emergence of FGM in Britain has been one of the unfortunate downsides of the embrace of state-sponsored multiculturalism following race riots in the 1980s.
The practice is most often associated with Islamic migration, being obligatory in the Shafi’i school of Islamic jurisprudence, which is influential in Africa and also strongly promoted by the Ulema Council in Indonesia, which is the world’s largest Muslim-majority country by population.
It is not unique to or universally accepted by the religion’s adherents, however.
The National Society for the Protection of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) estimates there are as many as 137,000 victims of FGM throughout the United Kingdom.