Since 2005 there is such a negative migration balance: Since then more Germans are leaving than moving into the country. In the years from 1990 to 2004, although the demographic statistics were more and more enthralling than migrant Germans – but mainly because of the statistical peculiarity that the millions of Spätaussiedler and their relatives with the citizens of the federal territory were recorded in the migration statistics together.
After about 99,000 Germans emigrated in 1991, the numbers tended to rise and by 2015 were at a level of about 140,000 Germans migrating per year. Then in 2016 , there was a leap: Back then, so many Germans moved abroad as never before (281,000). A year later, there were 249,000 citizens.
Particularly significant is the strong emigration against the background that also the deaths have long outnumbered the births . The migration loss of 217,000 Germans in the past two years and the more than 1.7 million deceased citizens were offset by only 1.2 million births of mothers with German citizenship. In other words, Germany has lost more than 700,000 citizens in just two years.
However, this is more than offset by strong immigration . As reported by the Federal Statistical Office, almost 1.4 million foreigners emigrated in 2017 and 885,000. The net additions of arrivals and departures will result in a migration surplus of 499,000 foreigners in 2017, compared to 635,000 in the previous year.
Thus, in the past two years, Germany’s society has gained about as many new members over migration as through births of mothers of German nationality. Due to the strong immigration in the international comparison – the Federal Republic absorbed more immigrants than the classical immigration country USA since the 1960s – the country is quickly becoming a migrant society. According to the Federal Statistical Office, 42 percent of those under the age of six already have a migration background in West Germany.